One of the popular standards of the international organization is ISO 14001, which is also called the environmental management system. ISO 14001, which has requirements to protect the environment and prevent companies from polluting the environment, can be implemented in all organizations, both manufacturing and services. This standard can also be a very good cover for government laws and regulations in the field of environment, because the requirements of this standard go beyond national laws and standards. The ISO 14001 standard was changed in 2015 in order to comply with the ISO 9001: 2015 standard, and organizations must now receive ISO 14001: 2015. The general requirements of ISO 14001 are based on the identification of contaminants or, as the standard implies, environmental aspects. Aspects can be present in any factor that can affect the environment, which is called the effect of the aspect. Organizations that implement the ISO 14001 standard should identify and measure the aspects and consequences of their organization. Measurement of pollutants such as exhaust gases, effluents, etc. is also among the requirements of ISO 14001. Another important requirement is to identify the national and mandatory laws and regulations of each industry, which the organization must identify and prove how to implement them.
Purpose of ISO 14001 standard
- Protect the environment by preventing and reducing adverse
- environmental consequences
- Reduce the potential adverse effects of environmental and organizational conditions
- Assist the organization in meeting compliance obligations Improving environmental performance
- Control or influence the design, production, distribution, consumption and assignment of products and services with the help of two life cycle perspectives that can prevent the transfer of environmental consequences elsewhere during the life cycle.
- Achieve operational financial benefits from the implementation of other environmentally friendly options and strengthen the organization’s position in the market.
- Informing relevant environmental stakeholders
This international standard, like other international standards, does not intend to increase or change the legal requirements of the organization.